Rajasthan is a lovely colorful state situated in the heart of vast Thar Desert, the only desert in Indian subcontinent. Visited by millions of tourist from all over the world , All our Rajasthan tour packages has lots to offer as a beautiful state of myriad colors, opulent forts and palaces, rich heritage, rippling sand dunes, folk dance and music, lip-smacking cuisine, handicrafts and exotic wildlife. September to March is the best time to holiday in Rajasthan as summers are bit too hot for sightseeing & other tourism activities.
Rajasthan is a land of amazing contrasts. On one side there are large cities like Jaipur etc, all growing on fast pace towards a westernized lifestyle and on other side the small villages where you can still hear the stories of valor and chivalry of its past rulers. The city is famous for beautiful handicrafts. This multi-facet land offers Rajasthan Culture tours , Accommodation in heritage hotels besides normal accommodation to give visitors a royal treatment and a glimpse of royal lifestyle of the bygone era.
The history of Rajasthan dates back to 2700 B.C. as per the archeological findings of Harappa and Mohenjodaro. The Bhil and the Mina tribes were the original dwellers of this region. Between 2nd to 4th century this state was ruled by Sakas and then the regime was passed to Gupta dynasty between 4th and 6th century. The Huns ruled in 7th century and between 7th to 12th century the land of colors was ruled by martial lineage of Rajputs. This land was invaded by Mughals in 1193 when Mohammed Ghori defeated Prithviraj Chauhan. The mughal emperor Akbar too ruled Rajasthan. The princely states of Rajasthan had very cordial relations with Mughals. Under British Raj, the princely states were renamed as Rajputana and the princely heads had successful alliances with British government. After India's independence in 1947, these states combined to form the state of Rajasthan.
The city of Jaipur was built by the astronomer king Sawai Jai Singh in 1727. It was designed by an engineer Vidhyadhar Bhattacharya, who used ideas from the ancient architectural work the Vastu Shastra.
Jaipur city is laid out in the form of a grid, with wide intersecting roads and impresses all who see it. A 19th century French traveler Louis Rousselet described his impressions of Jaipur, on his travel to Rajasthan, India, as: "The city is in a style of unusual magnificence. I doubt whether at the time it was built, there were many cities in Europe which would compare with it."
Two large silver urns, weighing 345 kg each, can be seen in the City Palace, Jaipur. They are mentioned in the Guinness Book of World Records as the largest silver objects in the world. They were built to carry holy water from the Ganges to London, when Raja Sawai Madho Singh II, traveled there in 1902. Now tourists travel to Rajasthan, India to see these and other fascinating artifacts, in palaces and museums.
It was in Ajmer Fort, that Sir Thomas Roe, the emissary from the court of king James I of England, presented his credentials to the Mughal Emperor Jahangir, on 10th January 1616, thus opening the door to the British presence in India.
Chittorgarh Fort was reportedly attacked by Allaudin Khilji, the Sultan of Delhi in 1303, because he desired the beautiful Queen of Chittorgarh, Rani Padmini, after seeing a glimpse of her in a mirror. In the ensuing battle Chittorgarh's army was routed and the queen and her women immolated themselves in a pyre in the Rajput custom of jauhar, rather than submit to the enemy.
The Keoladeo Ghana National Park, also known as the Bharatpur bird sanctuary, was previously the private duck shooting preserve of the rulers of Bharatpur and their guests. Thousands of migratory birds travel to Rajasthan, India, every year and spend the winter in Bharatpur. In November 1938, the Viceroy of India, Lord Linlithgow and his shooting party, set a record when they killed 4,273 ducks and geese in just one day!
Alwar, in Rajasthan, is the only location where Hanuman, the Monkey God, is worshipped in human form. The Pandavas, heroes of the Indian epic The Mahabharata, are said to have lived the last year of their 13-year exile in Alwar.
The Karni Mata Temple at Deshnok, is unique for being a temple at which devotees feed the hundreds of rats that are worshipped at the temple everyday.
Oscar winning Indian filmmaker, Satyajit Ray describes his impressions on his travel to Rajasthan, India: "The contrasts are enough to take one's breath away. I have seen fortresses perched on hilltops, I have seen palaces and havelis of marble and stone with exquisite carvings on them…women stepping straight out of the miniatures, decked in brilliant reds and greens and yellows."
How to reach Rajasthan for Holidays
Rajasthan by Air - Rajasthan is well connected with rest of the country through its 4 airports namely Sanganer in Jaipur, Jaisalmer, Udaipur, and Kota. Number of government and private airlines operates from these airports. A Complete Rajastha trip can be covered by flights starting from Jaipur & ending at Udaipur.
Rail - Rajasthan has a well established network of Railways connecting it to the other major places of India. The state also has one of the most luxurious trains in world, The Palace on Wheels which gives a experience of Rajasthan Holidays in regal style.
Road - All cities in Rajasthan are well connected with roads . Number of private and government buses ply to other important places. Rajasthan tour packages can be organised by private cars from new delhi covering major Rajasthan tourist detinations like Jaipur, Udaipur, Jodhpur , Bikaner & Jaisalmer.
Rajasthan India, is bounded on the west and northwest by Pakistan, on the north and northeast by the Indian states of Punjab, Haryana, and Uttar Pradesh, on the east and southeast by the states of Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh, and on the southwest by the state of Gujarat. The Tropic of Cancer passes through its southern tip in the Banswara district.
Western Rajasthan is relatively dry and infertile; and includes some of the Thar Desert, also known as the Great Indian Desert. The climate varies throughout Rajasthan as you'll see when you travel to Rajasthan, India. On average winter temperatures range from 8° to 28° C (46° to 82° F) and summer temperatures range from 25° to 46° C (77° to 115° F)
Area: 342,239 sq km.
Population: 56.5 million.
Languages: Hindi, Marwari, and Rajasthani.
Literacy rate (2001): 61.03 %
Crops: Cotton, Millet, Oilseeds, pulses, wheat, and sugarcane.
Industries: Cement, Chemicals, Handicrafts, Sugar, and textiles.
Airports: Jaipur, Jodhpur, Udaipur, Bikaner and Jaisalmer.
Festivals: Desert festival of Jaisalmer, Holi, Gangaur, Teej, Raksha Bandhan, Dussehra, and Diwali.
Legends: The history of Rajasthan tells us that it was divided into nineteen kingdoms. Each ruled by a Maharaja. A brave Rajput was bestowed the noble title of Thakur. The Thakur was given control over a part of the land in the kingdom, where he established his own mini kingdom and ruled from a fort or a palace. In return he supplied soldiers - horses, camels and warriors - to fight the wars for the Maharaja. Most of the Takhurs gained the title through some forefather's bravery in war. The Thakur's family would proudle claim that they got the estate in "mund kati", literally meaning beheading. Others gained the Takhur title through marriage, and obtained the estate through the less flattering term "gagharia".
Society and Culture
The Rajputs though representing only a small percentage of the population, are the most important section of the population in Rajasthan. They are proud of their warlike reputation and of their ancestry. When you travel to Rajasthan, India, you will see their numerous forts and palaces, which are popular tourist attractions today.
The principal language of the state is Rajasthani, comprising a group of Indo-Aryan dialects derived from Dingal, a tongue in which bards once sang of the glories of their masters. Its place is being taken by Hindi (the official state language of Rajasthan). Hinduism, the religion of most of the population, is generally practiced.
Islam, the religion of the state's second largest religious community, expanded in Rajasthan with the conquest of Ajmer by Muslim invaders in the late 12th century. The tomb of Khwajah Muin-ud-Din Chishti, the Muslim holy man, at Ajmer, is a significant pilgrimage destination.
Fairs and Festivals
The spring festival Gangaur during late March to early April and the Teej festival between early and late August are important. The Teej welcomes the monsoon, when the state's many lakes become full. The Pushkar camel and cattle fair during mid-November, the Nagaur festival during late January to early February and the Koolyat Fair at Bikaner during mid to late November are well known fairs. The Desert Festival at Jaisalmer during early to mid-February is a famous modern fair. Tourists travel to Rajasthan, India from all over the world to see this colorful event.
Economy and Infrastructure
Rajasthan's economy is mainly agricultural; millet, wheat, maize (corn), and cotton are grown. The state is also known for its mineral resources and precious and semi-precious stones. Tourism is also an important part of the economy, as you will see when you travel to Rajasthan, India.